Yoga is the process to resolve the fluctuation and disturbances of the mind. we know all the time our mind is filled with fear, anger, jealousy, irritation, worry, etc.
using yoga practice the up and down movement of the mind gets settled and it becomes tranquil, motionless, and one-pointed. So when the mind becomes tranquil then the practitioner can elevate into higher levels of consciousness.
The root meaning of yoga is “to unite”.The union between mind, body, and soul is the basic aim of yoga; the merging of individual consciousness with universal consciousness.
Modern yoga is primarily associated with the physical movement called asanas. the basic aim of the asana practice is to build strength and stamina, to improve flexibility, coordination, and balance, and relax the body.
According to sage, Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra describes the Eight Fold Path or we can say Eight Limbs of Yoga. The first sentence of Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra is ‘Yogas-Chitta-Vritti-Nirodha’, which means—Yoga is the stopping of the movement or the disturbances or vibrations of the mind-stuff.
These branches starting with Yama Niyamas and ending with Samadhi.
Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra lists the five Yamas that indicate moral restriction on how to behave externally with other beings.
- Ahimsa Non-Violence, Freedom from Harming
- Satya Truthfulness
- Asteya Non-Stealing, Freedom from Stealing
- Brahmacharya Moderation
- Aparigraha Non-Hoarding, Freedom from Grasping
Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra lists the five Niyamas, which shows how to conduct in day-to-day life.
- Saucha Cleanliness
- Santosha Contentment
- Tapas Self Discipline
- Svadhyaya Self Study
- Isvara-pranidhana Surrender
Asanas indicate all physical exercises.
Pranayama is the breathing exercise to control the flow of prana or life force energy in our system.
Pratyahara means withdrawal of the senses
Dharana indicates the single-pointed concentration
The almost equivalent English word of dhyana is meditation.
Samadhi indicates the merging of individual consciousness with universal or divine consciousness.
The ultimate aim of the yoga practice is to ascend into higher levels of consciousness or altered states of consciousness. the mind becomes calm and quiet, independent of any external stimuli. eventually, the ordinary man becomes a superman!